Hypermobility- What is it? Part 1
Whether you know it or not, you probably have students, colleagues, and friends who are hypermobile, whether in larger joints or smaller joints. Hypermobility, or as we called it as kids, "double jointedness," is a joint (or joints) that move beyond normal end range. The ligaments (which duct tape bone to bone) are loose and don't offer feedback to the body to say "hey, stop moving here!" It means that the body doesn't observe normal end range for joints because it's not receiving feedback from ligaments. Hypermobile folks end up in all sorts of movement spaces, from yoga and pilates to crossfit and olympic weight lifting, and helping (and identifying) hypermobility can help your music students greatly.
The most obvious example of hypermobility is in the knees. Jonathan FitzGordon recently did a post on hypermobile knees, and how they manifest in yoga classes, so let's take a look. This simple drawing above shows a knee that has locked and gone beyond normal vertical joint end range. Many people can hyperextend their knees-it's not uncommon. The risk is when you spend all of your time in this position (standing, yoga-ing, walking, weight-lifting) the body doesn't stop at the end range of the joint, your ligaments are overstretching (if they aren't already), and ligaments are not an overly elastic tissue. Many people with looser ligaments have always been that way- I remember little kids who could do full splits, lateral splits, etc, without a warmup, because they were just built that way. Now let's look at how that affects us in the Music and teaching space.
We will all meet students and colleagues who are hypermobile in their hands, which often means that supporting an instrument, pressing keys, and holding a bow will be challenging in different ways. String players will be familiar with students who can't bend their thumb and hold the bow (their muscles are weak!) or who can't bend their pink on the upper side of the bow. Wind players may be familiar with the double-jointed thumb, which can cause problems with supporting the weight of the instrument. Whether it's a flutist's stray pinky or a violinist's dubious bow hold, students of all ages and levels can have issues with hypermobility. My next post will give some suggestions for what to do with hypermobile students, or how to help yourself!